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Scientific Drilling The open-access ICDP and IODP journal

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Sci. Dril., 17, 19-29, 2014
https://doi.org/10.5194/sd-17-19-2014
© Author(s) 2014. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Progress report
29 Apr 2014
The SCOPSCO drilling project recovers more than 1.2 million years of history from Lake Ohrid
B. Wagner1, T. Wilke2, S. Krastel3, G. Zanchetta4, R. Sulpizio5, K. Reicherter6, M. J. Leng7, A. Grazhdani8, S. Trajanovski9, A. Francke1, K. Lindhorst3, Z. Levkov10, A. Cvetkoska10, J. M. Reed11, X. Zhang11, J. H. Lacey12, T. Wonik13, H. Baumgarten13, and H. Vogel14 1Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, University of Cologne, Zülpicher Str. 49a, 50674 Cologne, Germany
2Department of Animal Ecology & Systematics, Justus Liebig University, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26–32, 35392 Giessen, Germany
3Institute of Geosciences, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Otto-Hahn-Platz 1, 24118 Kiel, Germany
4Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, University of Pisa, via S. Maria 53, 56126 Pisa, Italy
5Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, University of Bari, via Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
6Institute of Neotectonics and Natural Hazards, RWTH Aachen, Lochnerstraße 4–20, 52056 Aachen, Germany
7Department of Geology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK & NERC Isotope Geosciences Laboratory (NIGL), British Geological Survey, Keyworth, Nottingham, NG12 5GG, UK
8Institute of Geosciences & Energy, Water & Environment, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Albania
9Hydrobiological Institute Ohrid, Naum Ohridski 50, 6000 Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia
10Institute of Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Gazi Baba bb, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
11Department of Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull HU6 7RX, UK
12Department of Geology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
13Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hanover, Germany
14Institute of Geological Sciences & Oeschger Centre for Climate~Change Research, University of Bern, Baltzerstrasse 1+3, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
Abstract. The Scientific Collaboration on Past Speciation Conditions in Lake Ohrid (SCOPSCO) project is an international research initiative to study the influence of major geological and environmental events on the biological evolution of lake taxa. SCOPSCO drilling campaigns were carried out in 2011 and 2013. In 2011 we used gravity and piston coring at one of the five proposed drill sites, and in 2013 we undertook deep drilling with the Deep Lake Drilling System (DLDS) of Drilling, Observation and Sampling of the Earth's Continental Crust (DOSECC). In April and May 2013, a total of 2100 m sediments were recovered from four drill sites with water depths ranging from 125 to 260 m. The maximum drill depth was 569 m below the lake floor in the centre of the lake. By retrieving overlapping sediment sequences, 95% of the sediment succession was recovered. Initial data from borehole logging, core logging and geochemical measurements indicate that the sediment succession covers >1.2 million years (Ma) in a quasi-continuous sequence. These early findings suggest that the record from Lake Ohrid will substantially improve the knowledge of long-term environmental change and short-term geological events in the northeastern Mediterranean region, which forms the basis for improving understanding of the influence of major geological and environmental events on the biological evolution of endemic species.

Citation: Wagner, B., Wilke, T., Krastel, S., Zanchetta, G., Sulpizio, R., Reicherter, K., Leng, M. J., Grazhdani, A., Trajanovski, S., Francke, A., Lindhorst, K., Levkov, Z., Cvetkoska, A., Reed, J. M., Zhang, X., Lacey, J. H., Wonik, T., Baumgarten, H., and Vogel, H.: The SCOPSCO drilling project recovers more than 1.2 million years of history from Lake Ohrid, Sci. Dril., 17, 19-29, https://doi.org/10.5194/sd-17-19-2014, 2014.
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